Indian Geography-Himalayas

No. Himalayas
1. Himalayas are the youngest folded mountains in the world.
2. The entire Himalayan area and Indo-Gangatic plains during the Mesozoic period was occupied by the Tethys Sea.
3. Himalayas covers an area of 5 lakh sq. kms.
4. Himalayas are divided into Himadri, Himachal and Siwaliks.
5. Mt.Everest is highest peack in the world.
6. Mt. Everest is located in Himadri.
7. The north of the great Himalayas (Himadri) is known as Trans-Himalayan Zone.
8. The world's second highest peak is K2.
9. The peak k2 is located in Trans Himalayan Zone.
10. Kulu and Kangra valleys are located in Himachal.
11. The land mass to the north of the Tethys sea was called as Angara land.
12. The land mass to the South of the Tethys sea was called as Gondwana land.
13. Himalayas are the northern boundary of India.
14. Himalayas lies from Jammu Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.
15. The length of Himalayas is 2,400 kms.
16. The width of Himalayas in Jammu Kashmir is 500 kms.
17. The width of Himalayas in Arunachal pradesh is 200 kms.
18. Himalayas comprise Himadri, Himachal and Siwaliks.
19. The average elevation of Greater Himalayas (Himadri) is 6,100 mts.
20. Mt. Everest, Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Nanda Devi are the prominent peaks in Himadri.
21. The average height of lesser Himalayas (Himachal) is 1000-4500 mts.
22. Pir Panjal is the longest range in the Himachal.
23. The famous Kashmir valley lies between Greater Himalayas and Pir Panjal Range.
24. Jhelum, Chenab and Kishanganga rivers cut through the Pir Panjal Range.
25. The South extension of Pir Panjal Range is called as Dhaula Dhar Range.
26. Simla hill station is situated in Dhaula Dhar range.
27. The famous valleys of Himachal pradesh Kulu and Kangra are present in the Dhaula Dhar Range.
28. Nainital, Mussoorie, Chakrata and Ranikhet hill stations are situated in Himachal ranges.
29. Siwalik is the Southern most range of Himalayas.
30. Siwaliks in Arunachal pradesh are called as Mishmi hills.
31. The hight of Siwaliks is 600 to 1500 mts.
32. The width of Siwaliks is 15-50 kms.
33. Duns separate Himachal from Siwaliks.
34. Dehra Dun, Kotli Dun and Patli Dun are the prominent Dun valleys.
35. Patli Dun is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
36. Kotli Dun is located in the state of Jammu Kashmir.
37. Zaskar, Kunlun, Kailas, pamir, Hindukush, Ladakh and Karakoram ranges are present in the Trans-Himalayas Zone.
38. The second highest peak in the world k2 (8611 mts) is located in the Korakoram range.
39. The longest Siachan glacier is located in the Korakoram range.
40. The world's Highest Table land Tibet is situated in Trans-Himalaya Zone.
41. Manasarovar is located in the Trans-Himalayan Zone.
42. Manasarovar is the origin of great rivers.
43. Khyber, Bolan, Shipkila, Nathula and Korakoram and Bomidila are the important passes (gaps) in the Himalayan mountain ranges.
44. Kanchanjunga peak is located in Himadri.
45. Most of the hill stations are located in Himachal.
46. Trans-Himalayan Zone is the source of the great rivers of India.
47. The benefits of Himalayas are Source of rivers and protection from cold winds, Causing rainfall and Tourism.