Kesavananda Bharati Case

      Kesavananda Bharati Case 1973
No. Kesavananda Bharati V. State of Kerala 1973
1. The Doctrine of Basic Structure of the Constitution was outlined in the Kesavananda Bharati Case.
2. As per the basic structure doctrine certain basic features of the Constitution cannot be altered or destroyed.
3. The Court overruled its prior precedent in the case of Golaknath V. State of Punjab 1967 and held that the constitutional amendments as per Article 368 were subject to fundamental rights review.
4. Article 368 does not enable the Parliament to alter the basic framework of the constitution.
5. The Constitution (Twenty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1971 is valid.
6. Section 2(a) and 2(b) of the 25th amendment is valid.
7. The first part of section 3 of the 25th amendment is valid.
8. The second part of the 25th amendment namely "and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy" is invalid.
9. The Constitution (Twenty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1971 is valid.