Union-State Rlelations-Indian Constitution


      Union-State Rlelations
No. Union-State Rlelations
1. Articles of the Constitution of India dealt with the provisions regarding the relations between the Union and the States.
2. The parliament has exclusive power to make laws on any matter enumerated in List I of the Seventh Schedule.
3. The legislature of the State has power to make laws for state with respect to any matter in the List II of the Seventh Schedule.
4. The Parliament and the State Legislature have power to make laws with respect to any matter in the List III of the Seventh Schedule.(Article 246)
5. Parliament has exclusive power to make laws on any matter not enumerated in Concurrent List(List II) or State List(List II).(Article 248)
6. Parliament has the power to law on a subject enumerated in the state list if the Council of States(Rajya Sabha) resolved with 2/3 majority of the members present and voting resolved in the national interest that it is expedient to make law by the Parliament on that subuject.(Article 249)
7. Parliament has the power to make laws on any matter in the State List if a proclamation of emergency is in operation.(Article 250)
8. If two or more States resolved that it is expedient to make law by the Parliament on any subject enumerated in the state list, the Parliament has the power to make law on that subject.(Article 252)
9. Parliament has the power to make law on any subject to implement the international agreements.(Article 253)
10. If the law made by the State Legislature is inconsistence with the law made by the Parliament, the law of the Parliament prevails over the state law. (Article 254)
11. The executive power of state shall be exercised in compliance with the laws made by the Parliament. (Article 256)
12. The executive power of state shall be exercised without prejudice to the exercise of the executive of the Union. The Union executive extends to give directions to the states as are necessary for the purpose. (Article 257)
13. The President with the consent of the State Government may entrust to it any matter on which Union executive power extends.(Article 258)
14. The Governor of a State with the consent of the Government of India entrust any matter on which State executive power extends.(Article 258A)
15. Parliament has the power to make law for the adudication of any dispute or complaint with respect ot the use, distribution or control of the waters of any inter-State river or river valley.(Article 262)
16. As per Article 263 of the Constitution the President has the power to establish Inter-State Council to inquire and advise on the disputes between States; to investigate and discuss on subjects in which some States or the Union and one or more States have common interest.