Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>


The main occupation of Indus people was agriculture. The main crops they produced were: Wheat and Barly. Indus people produced Cotton for the first time in the world. Indus People had trade relations with Babylonia, Egypt and Mesopotomia. They exported Cotton goods, Pottery and Terracottas. The main male diety was Pasupati(Siva). The main female Goddess was Mother Goddess. They worshipped the bird Pigeon. They also worshipped Water, Trees and Snakes. Many of the religious practices of the Indus people are still followed in India. Indus People made their tools implements and utensils mostly with Copper, Bronze and Stome. They obtained copper from Beluchistan and Rajasthan and Gold from Kolar and Anantapur. The metal Iron was not known to Indus people. The ornaments of Indus people were made up of Copper, Bronze, Gold, Silver and Precious Stones. They made household articles with Stome, Mud and Copper. They made cloths with wool and Cotton. They made pottery with mud with beautiful designs and exported then to foreign countries. The animal Horse doesn`t know the Indus people. Animals domesticated by Indus people were Bull, buffaloes, Goat, Sheep, Asses, Pigs and domenstic fowls. The animals depicted on the Indus seals were Bull, Unicorn, Tiger. The animals Buffaloe, Rhinoceros, Elephant and Deer are present around the Pasupati on a seal. Indus people made seals with Steatite, Ivory and Clay. Music, Dance and Chess were the main pastimes of Indus people. Indus People used Pictographic script. The script was written from left to right and from right to left. It is called Boustrophedon. Carts with wheels were in use in Harappa. There were three funeral practices of Indus people. They are cremation, Complete burial and exposing the dead body to wild animals and burying the remains. The reasons for the decline of Indus Valley Civilization were Aryans invasions, Floods and Earthquakes.