Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>


Ashoka (273-236 B.C.), son of Bindusara, was not only famous Mauryan king but also greatest ruler of India. He was born in 304 B.C. in Pataliputra.

During the period of his father rule he was a viceroy of Taxila and Ujjini.

After the war of succession his coronation was held in 269 B.C.

In twelth year of his reign he wanted to invade on Kalinga.

The war of Kalinga (260-261 B.C) was the most important event of Ashoka`s reign.

In the kalinga war nearly 100,000 lakh people were killed and many were wounded.

This violence in kalinga war hurted Ashoka and his attitude was changed towards non-violence.

After this war Chandashoka became Dharmashoka.

He maintained a direct contact with his people through edicts.

The edicts were in Prakrit with Brahmi script.

He was attracted towards Buddhism and became a follower of buddhism.

He patronized Buddhism in India and abroad.

He sent his son Mahendra to Ceylon to propogate buddhism.

Karuvaki, Padmavati and Tishyaraksha were the wives of Ashoka. Sanghamitra was the daughter of Ashoka.