Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

16 Mahajanapadas

Anga: The capital of Anga was Champa. It is present Bhagalpur and Monger districts of Bihar. Bimbisara annexed Anga to his empire.

Kasi: The capital of Kasi was Varanasi. It was located between Varuna and Asi rivers. It was annexed to Kosala. During the period of Ajatashatru it was annexed to Magadha.

Kosala: Kosala kingdom roughly corresponded to modern Oudh. Sravasti and Kusavati were the capitals of Kosala.

Magadha: Magadha kingdom roughly corresponded to modern Patna and Gaya districts of the Bihar State. The capital of Magadha was Girivrajam/Rajgriha. Later Pataliputra became its capital.

Vajji: Vajji kingdom was the confederacy of eight republics. Among the eight republics Lichchavi, Videha and Jnatrika were very prominent. The capital of Lichchavis was Vaishali. The capital of Videhas was Mithila. Lichchavis were engaged in constant wars with Magadha. But Bimbisara conciliated them by matrimonial alliances. He married Chellana daughter of Chetaka. Ajatasatru, son of Bimbisara continued wars with Lichchavis and conquered them.

Malla: Malla kingdom was identified with the Deoria district of Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Malla was Kusinagar.

Surasena: Surasena was located on the banks of river Yamuna. The capital of Surasena was Mathura.

Panchala: Panchala kingdom corresponded to the present Badaun and Farrukabad of Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Norther Panchala was Ahichchatra and the capital of south Panchala was Kampilya.

Vatsa: Vatsa corresponded to the present Allahabad area. The capital of Vatsa was Kausambi.

Avanti: Avanti comprised present Malwa region and Nimar of Madhya Pradesh. Ujjain was the capita of northern part and Mahishmati was the capital of southern part.

Kuru: The Kuru kingdom comprised the present Delhi and Meerut. The capital of Kuru was Hastinapur/Indraprastha.

Matsya: Matsya kingdom comprised present Jaipur, Alwar, Bharathpur of Rajasthan State. Viratnagar was the capital of Matsya kingdom.

Chedi: Chedi kingdom is identified with present Bundelkhand. Suktimathi was the capital of Chedi kingdom.

Gandhara: Gandhara corresponded to the present Peshawar and Rawalpindi districts. Taxila was the capital of Gandhaara.

Asmaka: Assaka and Mulaka were the two neighbouring states on the banks of river Godavari. Potana was the capital of Asmaka. Potana is identified with the present Bodhan in Nijamabad district of Andhra Pradesh. The capital of Mulaka was Paithan.

Kambhoja: This kingdom corresponded to the present Rajouri and Hazarabad districts.