Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

Mcqs

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Sangam Age Cholas

As per Sangam Literature Chola kingdom was the first sovereign kingdom in the Tamilakkam.

The Chola kingdom extended over Cauvery Delta, Arcot to Tiruchinapally and adjacent areas.

Uraiyur was the capital of ancient Chola kingdom.

Cholas rose to prominence under Karikala.

Karikala was the greatest among Sangam Age Cholas.

Karikala established supremacy over Tamilakkam by defeating Pandya and Chera rulers at Kovil Venni.

He built a new capital called Puhar also called Cauverypatnam(port town).

He undertook many welfare activities.

He built a dam across the river Cauvery near Srirangam to provide irrigational facilities.

He invaded Ceylon and brought 12,0000 war prisioners and employed them in building the dam on the river Cauvery.

He patronized Brahmanism.

He patronized literature, art and architecture.

He encouraged foreign trade and industries.

After Karikala, Chola history disappeared and Cheras came into prominence in the Tamilakkam.