Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Early Vedic-Society-Administration

The Rig vedic Aryans lived in tribes.

During Rugvedic period society was not divided into classes.

The families were patriarchal. Father was the head of the Aryan family. Father, Mother, Sons and Slaves were in the Aryan family. Families were formed into grama.

Villages formed as Vis. Group of Vis were formed into jana or tribe.

The tribe was under the rule of Rajan(king).

The king was not autocrat. He exercised his powers according to the will of Sabha (Council of elders) and Samithi(Assembly of whole people).

Vrajapati is an officer having authority over on the pasture ground.

The institution of marriage was established. Child marriages were not known but dowry is common.

Women enjoyed high status.

Purusha-Sukta of Rigveda mentioned about the fourfold division of society.

The officers helped the king in adiministration were Senani and Purohit.

Gramini was the village officer during the Early vedic period.

Sabha and Samiti were the two assemblies during the Early vedic period.

The chief of the Aryan clan 'Rajan' got income from Bali and Bhaga.

By the end of Early Vedic Period society was divided into four classes.