Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Firoz Shah

Tajuddin Firoz Shah (16-11-1397-22-9-1422):

Firoz Shah ascended the throne in 1397 and ruled upto 1422 A.D.

Firoz Shah was the greatest among all the rulers of Bahmani kingdom.

Firuz Shah fought against the Vijayanagara Empire on many occasions and the rivalry between the two dynasties continued unabated throughout his reign, with victories in 1398 and 1406, but a defeat in 1419.

He forced Vijayanagara ruler to accept a humiliating treaty by marrying one of his daughters.

Firuz led a successful expedition against Narsingh Rai of Kherla who had to surrender forty elephants and his daughter to Firuz.

During his period the famous Chishti Sufi saint Hazrat Khwaja Bandanawaz arrived in the Deccan, Sultan Firoz Shah invited him to settle down in his capital at Gulbarga.

In 1420, an attack on Pangal, which had been taken by Vijayanagar, proved disastrous. Firuz was trounced by Vijayanagar and Firuz retreated, surrendering the southern and eastern districts of his kingdom. This defeat had a deep impact on his morale and he was henceforth a broken man. He spend his final two years in asceticism and piety.

He abdicated the throne to his younger brother Ahmad.

Firuz Shah paid much attention to the ports Chaul and Dhabol, which attracted trade ships from the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.

Firoz Shah built Firozabad near Gulbarga.

He built a great mosque at Gulbarga.

Firuz Shah died on 1 October 1422 in Gulbarga.