Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Muhammad Gawan

Muhammad Gawan was born in 1404 A.D.

He came to Bider in 1442 and obtained employment in the court of Alauddin II.

He was appointed as Prime Minister during the period of Muhammad Shah.

He saved the kingdom from enemies.

Mahmud Gawan was an able administrator and by fighting successfully against Orissa and Vijayanagara, he enlarged the boundaries of the Kingdom from Orissa to Goa. He brought under the Bahmanis way the whole of northern Karnataka.

Mahmud Gawan and Muhammad-III march against Bankapur, which surrendered and its territory was annexed and given to Khwaja Mahmud Gawan‟s charge.

Khwaja Mahmud Gawan now spent over three years in Telangana and completed its subjugation. The province which had become very big was divided into two with capitals at Rajamahendry and Warangal.

He extended the Bahmani kingdom by annexing Kondavidu, Rajamahendravaram, Telangana etc.

Gawan introduced many reforms in the administration.

Mahmud Gawan divided the vastly over grown tarafs into eight, under separate Governors. The power of the tarafdar was also curtailed. Mahmud Gawan also improved the pattern of revenue administration by organizing a proper survey and assessment. These reforms made him popular with the Deccan.

Gawan established a big Madarsa at Bider.

As a result of jealousy native Muslims conspiracy Mahmud Gawan was falsely accused by affixing his seal to a forged letter purporting to invate the king of Orissa to invade the Kingdom. This letter was placed in the Sultan`s hand and the Gawan was put to death by Sultan`s Order in 1481.

The death of Khwaja Mahmud Gawan was a grievous blow to the Bahmani power, as he alone was able person to the ambitious nobles of the court.

This great crime was the immediate cause of dissolution of the Bahmani kingdom. So long as this minister had control over the affairs of the Kingdom the Bahmani state attained heights of prosperity which it had never reached before.

Later Sultan Muhammad Shah III repented for his action and died within one year in 1482.

Bahmani Kingdom came to end after the death of Gawan.

Bahmani Kingdom was divided into five independent states i.e. Ahmadnagar, Bijapur, Bider, Golkonda and Berar.