Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Muhammad Shah III

Shamsuddin Muhammad-III (30-7-1463-26-3-1482): Shamsuddin Muhammad-III was between nine and ten when he succeeded his elder brother.

The regency council carried on the government during the king‟s minority, as it had in the previous reign.

Mahmud Gawan had taken great care to educate the king on right times. He was appointed Wakil-us-Sultanate or Prime Minister and remained in supreme authority till his execution in 1481 A.D.

Bahmani Kingdom reached its zenith during the period of Muhammad Shah III. It was mainly due to the efforts of his Prime Minister Muhammad Gawan.

During his period Bahmani kingdom extended from Tapati to Tungabhadra rivers.

Niketan, the Russian Traveller, who visited Bidar in 1470 A.D. described it, is “The chief town of the whole of Muhammadan Hindustan”.

The native Muslims made Muhammad Shah III to believe that Gawan had agreement with Gajapatis to overthrow him.

Muhammad Shah III ordered for the death of Muhammad Gawan in 1481 A.D.

Bahmani kingdom came to end after the death of Muhammad Gawan.

Later Muhammad Shah III repented for his action over Gawan.

Muhammad Shah died in 1482.

Shihabuddin Mahmud (26-3-1482-27-12-1518):

During his long reign the kingdom was weakened.

Taking advantage of struggle between different sections of the nobility of the Bahmani Kingdom, the Bijapur forces captured Gulbarga and drone away its governor. The forces of disintegration were now in full swing.

Mahmud Shah was succeeded by four Kings, who were Kings only in name:

Ahmed-IV (1518 1520),

Alauddin Shah (1520-1523),

Waliullah (1523-1526), and

Kalimullah (1526-1538),

The last King of the house of Bahmani Shah was Kalimullah and after him, the Bahmani dynasty came to an end, making way for the five independent Sultanates of the Deccan.