Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>


Saliant features of administration of Delhi Sultanate are as followns:

Sultan divided the kingdom into Iktas. Ikta was headed by a officer called ‘Mukti’.

The Mukti, officer of Ikta, had to maintain army from the income of Ikta and remit the balance to Sultan.

The Iqtas were divided into Shiqs.

The Shiqs were again divided into Parganas.

The state was a theocratic state.Sultans ruled as per Quron i.e.Shariat.

Sultan was a superior authority in the state.

Diwani Ariz was incharge of army.

Sultan army consisted of cavalry, elephantry and infantry.

Alauddin Khilji abolished jagirdari system and gave the salaries to the army.

Alauddin Khilji introduced market reforms and regulated the market prices. These measures taken by the Alaudding Khilji prevented the inflation.

Muhammad Bin Tughluq introduced copper coins in 1329 and also carried out experiments in agriculture to increase production.

Balban brought more land for cultivation by cutting forests.

Feroz Tughluq dug canals for irrigation and made waste lands brought under cultivation. The canals from Sutlez to Saga, Mandavi to Hissar and Jamuna to Ferozabad were dug.

Delhi Sultans except Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad Bin Tughluq were puppets in the hands of the Ulemas (Muslim religious heads Purdah system previled among Muslims.

Sati was practisd by certain communities.