Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Hyderabad

The Hyderabad State was created by Nizam-Ul-Mulk.

Nizam-Ul-Mulk was appointed as Viceroy of the Deccan in 1713.

His original name is Chinkulichkhan. He was viceroy of Deccan upto 1715.

He occupied the fortresses of Asirgarh and Barhampur in 1720.

He defeated the Mughal army in the battle of Khandwa and Balapur in June and July 1720 respectively.

He fought against Mughal troops successfully in the battle of Shakur-Kheda in October 1724.

He entered Hyderabad in 1725 as a victor and a formal order appointing him as the head of Deccan was passed in June 1725.

He was able to develop Hyderabad state without Mughal intereference till his death in 1748.

He fought against Marathas and created dissensions successfully among the Marathas but failed ultimately.

He was defeated in the hands of Peshwa Bajirao in the battle of Palkhed and the treaty of Mungi-Shegaon was concluded between them.

As per this treaty Nizam agreed to allow the Marathas to collect Chauth and Sardeshmukhi.

He was appointed as the chief minister of the Mughal Empire and was given the title of "Asaf Jah".

He was defeated by Bajirao in the battle near Bhopal in 1738 and concluded the treaty of Durai Sarai.

As per this treaty Nizam gave to Bajirao the whole of Malwa and the territory between Narmada and Chambal.

The Nizam of Hyderabad entered into Subsidiary Alliance with the British in the year 1798.

Subsidiary Alliance was introduced by the British during the period of Wellesley as Governor General.