Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

Mcqs

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Ashtapradhans

Shivaji was not only a great warrior like Napoleon but also a good administrator.

Like his contemporaries Shivaji was an autocrat but he was assisted by a council consisting 8 ministers. This council is known as Ashta pradhan.

The eight ministers and their duties are as follows:

a) The Peshwa: He was the Prime Minister. His duty was to look after general administration, welfare and interests of the state.

b) The Amatya: He was the Finance Minister. His duty was to look after the public accounts of the kingdom.

c) The Mantri: His duty was to keep the daily proceedings of the king.

d) Sumant: He was the foreign secretary. His duty was to advise the king about the matters relating to foreign states.

e) Sachiv: He was the home secretary. His duty was to look after the correspondence of the king.

f) Pandit Rao: His duty was to fix dates for religious ceremonies, to distribute the charity of the king among the Brahmins and to censor public morals.


g) Nyayadhish: His duty was to look after the civil and military justice.

h) Senapati: He was the commander-in-chief. He was in charge of the recruitment, organization and discipline of the Army.