Ancient

Indus Valley Civilization
Vedic Civilization
Pre-Mauryan Age
Buddhism
Jainism
Mauryan Empire
Post Mauryan Period
Ganga Dynasty
Guptas
Post Gupta Period
Badami Chalukyas
Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Kalyani Chalukyas
Pallavas
Chola Empire
Kadambas
Sangam Age
Satavahanas
Vakatakas
Mcqs
Quiz
Ashtapradhans
Shivaji was not only a great warrior like Napoleon but also a good administrator.
Like his contemporaries Shivaji was an autocrat but he was assisted by a council consisting 8 ministers. This council is known as Ashta pradhan.
The eight ministers and their duties are as follows:
a) The Peshwa: He was the Prime Minister. His duty was to look after general administration, welfare and interests of the state.
b) The Amatya: He was the Finance Minister. His duty was to look after the public accounts of the kingdom.
c) The Mantri: His duty was to keep the daily proceedings of the king.
d) Sumant: He was the foreign secretary. His duty was to advise the king about the matters relating to foreign states.
e) Sachiv: He was the home secretary. His duty was to look after the correspondence of the king.
f) Pandit Rao: His duty was to fix dates for religious ceremonies, to distribute the charity of the king among the Brahmins and to censor public morals.
g) Nyayadhish: His duty was to look after the civil and military justice.
h) Senapati: He was the commander-in-chief. He was in charge of the recruitment, organization and discipline of the Army.

Medieval

Muslim Invasions
Delhi Sultans
Mughal Empire
Bahmani Empire
Bhakti Movement
Gajapaties
Hoysalas
Independent Kingdoms
Kakatiyas
Later Pandyas
Marathas
Rajputs
Sikhs
Sur Dynasty
Vijayanagara Empire
Yadavas
Mcqs
Quiz

Modern

Advent of Europeans
Constitutional Developments
Establishment of British Rule
Expansion of British Rule
British Rule in India
Education and Press
Governor Generals
National Leaders
Popular Movements
Revolts
Revolutionary Terrorism
Rise of Nationalism
Socio-Religious Movements
Viceroys
Mcqs
Quiz