Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Shivaji

Shivaji was born in April 1627 A.D.

His father was Shahji Bhonsla.

His mother was Jijabai(daughter of Jadhav Rao).

She taught Shivaji Ramayana and Mahabharata and acts of bravery of the Hindu warriors.

Thus she had tremendous influence on Shivaji in moulding his character.

Dadaji Kondadev was the administrator of the estates of Shivaji`s father in Poona.

He loved Shivaji and gave training in the ar of riding, fighting and administration.


Ram Das and Tukaram influenced the life of Shivaji.

Ram Das was regarded as spiritual guide.

Ram Das whispered into the ears of Shivaji the sacred formula about the love of his country and nation.

The friendship of Shivaji with Mawali chiefs was also helped him later.

The aim of Shivaji was to free Hindus of Maharashtra and also Hindus living in various parts of India.

He wanted to secure religious freedom for Hindus.

Shivaji encouraged readmission of Hindus who were converted to Islam into the Hindu Society.

He maintained good relations with Rajputs.

But some historians did not accept the object of shivaji to secure religious freedom for Hindus as he had no definite scheme of alliance with other Hindus against Mughals.

Coronation of Shivaji was held at Raigarh according to the vedic rites in 1674.

Shivaji became the sovereign ruler of Maharashtra. But his reign lasted only for six years. He was died in 1680.