Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Aurangzeb

After Shah Jahan war of succession took place among the four sons of Shah Jahan.

Aurangzeb got victory in the war of succession and ascended the throne in June 1659.

He ruled nearly fifty years.

During his reign the first expedition was against Ahoms in Assam.

The Mughal Governor of Bengal campaigned it and subdued Ahoms.

The revolts in Bundelkhand and Kathiawar were also suppressed.

Afghans were subdued with the policy of force and diplomacy.

Aurangzeb prohibited number of Hindu festivals such as Deepavali, Dasara and Holi.

He also prohibited Nauroz festival. He prohibited stamping of Kalima on coins.

He prohibited Gambling and intoxication.

He led pure life as suggested by Koran.

The Pilgrimage tax and the Jizya tax which were abolished by Akbar were reimposed by Aurangzeb.

He demolished Hindu temples and prohibited the construction of new Hindu temples.

Jats of Mathura and the Satnamis of Narnol and Mewar rebelled against Aurangzeb.

He came into conflict with Sikhs by executing Sikh Guru Tej Bahadur.

The religious policy of Aurangzeb also made Rajputs angrey and they revolted against Mughals.

Aurangzeb spent 25 years in Deccan to defeat Bijapur, Golkonda and Marathas.

He invaded on Bijapur and conquered it in 1685.

He also conquered and annexed Golkonda in September 1687.

Aurangzeb was died on March 3, 1707.