Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>


Babar was the founder of Mughal Empire in India.

He was born in 1483.

He was related to Timur on his father side and Chengiz Khan on his mother side.

At the age of 12 he became the king of Farghana. His uncles and cousins by taking the advantage of his youth attacked him. Babar lost both Farghana and Samarkhand by 1502.

He conquered Kabul in 1504.

He captured Bajaur, Kandahar, and Lahore.

But with in a year he was driven out of Samarkand.

Babar captured Badkshan in 1520 and was kept under the charge of Humayun.

Kandhar was captured in 1522 and was given to Kamran.

Babar received invitations from Daulat Khan Lodi, Governor of Punjab, Alauddin, Uncle of Ibrahim and Rana Sanga.

Babar captured Lahore and appointed Alauddin as the Governor of Lahore in 1524.

Later Alauddin was driven out by Daulat Khan Lodi.

Babar invaded against Delhi with 12,000 soldiers.

In the battle that took place in Panipat on 12th April 1526 Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed.

The First Battle of Panipat laid foundation of Mughal Empire in India and ended the rule of Delhi Sultanate.

After the First Battle of Panipat Babar invaded against Rajputs.

Rajputs under the leadership of Rana Sanga fought with Babar at Kanwah on 17th March 1527. But Rajputs were defeated.

After the Battle of Kanwah Babar captured Chanderi fort in 1528.

Medini Roy of Chanderi and Rajputs fought with Babar. But they were defeated.

The ruler of Bihar, Muhammad Lodi and the ruler of Bengal Nasrat Shah fought with Babar in the Battle of Gogra in May 1529. But they were defeated.

Babar was died in December, 1530

Tuzuk-i-Babri is the autobiography of Babur. It was written by Babur during his leisure period. It was written in Turki language. It was translated into Persia, English, French and many other European languages.