Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Humayun

Humayun was the son of Babar. He had three brothers i.e. Kamran, Askari and Hindal.

He was born in Kabul in 1508. At the age of 20 he was appointed as the Governor of Badakshan.

He participated in the battles of Panipat and Kanwah along with his father.

After the death of his father, attempt was made to place Mahdikhwaja, brother-in- law of Babur on the throne of Agra, but Humayun successfully seated on the throne of Agra on 30th December, 1530.

After he ascended the throne he had to face many difficulties. The Afghans who were defeated in the Battle of Panipat and the Battle of Ghagra were not completely crushed. Afghans aspired to restore their rule. He had to face Sher Khan who had started his career of adventure and conquest. He had to face the ruler of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah who had united the provinces of Malwa and Gujarat and aimed to conquer the whole of Rajputana.

An Afghan Chief, Sher Khan captured Chunar, Gaur and Rohtas and attacked Humayun.

In the battle that took place in Chausa Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah.

Once again Humayun was defeated at Kanauj in May 1540.

After the battle of Kanauj Humayun left India. He was on exile for 15 years.

He took shelter in Amerkot where Akbar was born in 1542.

Ultimately Humayun went to Persia. The ruler of Persia Shah Tahmasp welcomed him.

With the help of troops given by Shah Tahmasp, Humayun conquered Kandhar and gave it to Persians.

Humayun captured Kabul in 1544 from Kamran. But Kamran recaptured it. Humayun conquered Kabul again in 1547.

In July 1555 Humayun invaded on India and defeated Sikandar Sur at Sirhind and captured Delhi and Agra.

He was died accidentally by falling from the stairs of Library.

Humayun built a big citadal at Delhi called Din Panah.