Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Paramaras

Paramara dynasty ruled Malwa. Upendra(Krishnaraja) was the founder of Paramara dynasty.

The capital of Paramaras was Dhara.

Siyakaharsha(Siyaka II) established independent Paramara dynasty. He ruled during 949-972 AD. He got his land from Khottiga.

Siyakaharsha was succeeded by Vakpati Munjaraja. He was also known as Utpalaraja, Srivallabha and Amoghavarsha.

As per his Udaipur inscription he defeated Yuvaraja II of Kalachuri family.

He also defeated the rulers of Lata, Karnata, Cola and Kerala.

He constructed a tank Munjasagara and Patronized famous poets and scholars i.e. Dhananjaya, Padmagupta, Dhanika and Halayudha. Munjaraja was succeeded by his brother Sindhuraja also known as Navasahasanka.

Navasahasankacharitra written by Padmagupta details his exploits.

Sindhuraja was succeeded by Bhoja, son of Munjaraja.

The prologue to Udaipur inscription describes that he brought under his contro the region between mountans Kailash and Malaya.

He defeated Vikramaditya V of Kalyani Chalukyas but his progress was bridled by Jayasimha II of Chalukya dynasty.

He defeated Gangayadeva of Tripuri. He extended his authority upto Kanauj.

He defeated Kirtiraja son of Chalukya Goggiraja and also Chalukya Bhima of Gujarat.

Continuous wars damaged his sources. He was defeated in the hands of Someshwara I Ahavamalla. Ahavamalla defeated Malwa and exploited.

Bhoja was the most important ruler of Paramara dynasty.

Kaviraja Malavachakravartin was the title of Bhoja.

Bhoja established a university at Dhara.

Bhoja was a poet and scholar. He patronized many poets and scholars. The poets Dhanapala, Prabhachandra Suri, Vijnanesvara were patronised by him.

He was the author of Rajamriganka, Ayurveda Sarvasva, Vyavaharasamuchaya, Sabdanusasana, Samaranganasutradhara, Yuktikalpataruvu, Namamalika and Sarasvatikantabharana.

The author of Mitakshara was Vijnanesvara.

Bhojapuri was built by Bhojaraja. The great Bhojpur lake was his noblest nomument.

Saraswathi temple in Dhara was built by Bhojaraja.

Bhoja was away from his country for some time. He ruled for 55 years.

He was died in the battle with Bhima I and Laxmikarna. After the death of Bhoja, the glory of the dynasty started declining.

The last independent king of the Paramara dynasty was Jayasimha.

Paramara dynasty came to end due to Muslim invasions. In 1305 Ain ul mulk, general of Allah ud din Khilji totally defeated Malwa.