Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Pratiharas

The Gurjara Pratiharas were originally a tribe that came to India in the sixth century AD. The founder of Pratihara dynasty was Nagabhatta I. Pratihara means door-keeper.

As per the evidence of Sanjanplates of Amoghavarsha and Jaina Harivamsa, Pratiharas belong to the Gurjara tribe.

The reign of Pratihara Dynasty was 783-1036 A.D. Harichandra was the first ruler of Pratiharas.

Pratiharas were the local power by 800 A.D. They gradually raise themselves to the imperial status.

Nagabhatta was the first prominent ruler of Prathihara dynasty.

He defeated the Mlechcha rulers.

Vatsaraja, Nagabhatta II(805-833), Mihira Bhoja (836-885), Mahendrapala(885-910) and Mahipala(912-955) were the famous kings of the Pratihara dynasty.

The first political center of the Pratiharas was Mandor. It is located in Jodhpur district. The first capital of Pratiharas was Bhinmal near Mt.Abu. Later(after occupying Kanaj) Kanauj was the capital.

Vatsaraja, who was the fourth ruler of the Pratihara dynasty, defeated scions of the Bhandi family in Central Rajputana.

He was the first Pratihara ruler who occupied the Kanauj. He defeated Dharmapala of Gauda country. But he was defeated in the hands of Dhruva of Rashtrakuta dynasty.

Nagabhatta II was the son of Vatsaraja. He got victory over Kannauj.

But he was defeated in the hands of Govinda of Rashtrakuta dynasty.

Nagabhatta II could claim his power after the death of Govinda.

He defeated Dharmapala and Chakrayudha in the battle of Mudgagiri.

Gwallior inscription speaks out the victories of Nagabhatta II over Anarta, Malva, Matsya and Kirata desas.

He defeated Turks in Western India. He defeated the rulers of Vatsa family of Kausambi.

Ramabhadra was the successor of Nagabhatta II. During his period the Pratihara kingdom had a set back.

During the period of Mihira Bhoja Kanauj was restored to its former glory. Suleiman, Arab traveller visited the court of Mihira Bhoja in 851 A.D.Mihira Bhoja defeated Devapala of Bengal.

Prathihara dynasty came to end in 1018 A.D. with the invasion of Muhammad of Ghazni.

Yasah Pala was the last ruler of the dynasty. He ruled from 1027 to 1036.