Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Rathore Dynasty

Rao Siyaji(Sheoji/Sihaji/Shiva/Siha), Grandson of King Jai Chandra of the Gahadavalas, founded the Rathore dynasty of Marwar in 1226.

Rao Seoji was a Rajput belonging to the Rathore clan. His father was Rao Setram (King of Kannauj).

After the destruction of the Gahadvala kingdom Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by Afghans.

Rao Siyaji visits Marwar on pilgrimage to Dwarka and stops at a town called Pali. He and his followers settled there to protect the Brahmin community from the raiders.

Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region.

They ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore(Mandore is 9 km from Jodhpur).

Initially, Mandore served as their capital.

Rao Chanda or Chunda Rao (1383-1424), who was tenth in line of succession from Siyaji of Marwar, finally wrested control of Marwar from the Pratiharas and established his own independent kingdom.

By 1459, Rathores felt a need for a secure capital. This lead to the formation of Jodhpur.

Rao Jodha founded Jodhpur in 1459. The city is named after him only. It was previously known as Marwar.

The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except Aurangzeb.

The state was incorporated into the Mughal Empire during the reign of the Emperor Akbar.

Maharaja Jaswant Singh even supported Shahjahan in his struggle for succession.

During the late 17th century it was under the strict control of the Emperor Aurangzeb.

After the death of Aurangzeb, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Jodhpur.

Maharaja Umed Singh made Jodhpur into a modern city.

The British had no role in the affairs of the state until Man Sing entered into a Subsidiary Alliance with the British.

Later it was a princely State in India during the British rule.

Maharaja Hanwant Sing was the last ruler of Jodhpur state.

After independence, he agreed to the accession of his state to the Dominion of India.