Ancient

Indus Valley Civilization
Vedic Civilization
Pre-Mauryan Age
Buddhism
Jainism
Mauryan Empire
Post Mauryan Period
Ganga Dynasty
Guptas
Post Gupta Period
Badami Chalukyas
Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Kalyani Chalukyas
Pallavas
Chola Empire
Kadambas
Sangam Age
Satavahanas
Vakatakas
Mcqs
Quiz
Provinces-Sarkars-Parganas
There are two views about the provincial administration during the period of Sher Shah.
In the opinion of Qanungo, Sarkar was the highest unit of the administration.
In the opinion of Dr.Saran, Sarkar was not the highest division of administration and the provinces were existed even before akbar.
Provinces were divided into sarkars.
Munsif-i-munsifan and shiqdar-i-shiqdaran were the two important officials of Sarkars.
Shiqdar-i-shiqdaran was responsible for maintaining law and order.
He had to supervise the shiqdars of Parganas.
Munsif-i-munsifan was a judge and tried civil cases and had the power to supervise Amins.
The Sarkars were again divided into Parganas.
Munsiff, Shiqdar, Amin were the important officers of the Parganas.
Chaudari, Patwari and Muqaddam were the intermediaries between the peoepe and the Government.
Maintaing soldiers, assisting in the collection of royal dues, presiding over courts dealing with criminal cases were the duties of shiqdar.
Amin had the responsibility of revenue administration and trying civil and revenue cases.
The treasurer of Pargana was Fotahdar.

Medieval

Muslim Invasions
Delhi Sultans
Mughal Empire
Bahmani Empire
Bhakti Movement
Gajapaties
Hoysalas
Independent Kingdoms
Kakatiyas
Later Pandyas
Marathas
Rajputs
Sikhs
Sur Dynasty
Vijayanagara Empire
Yadavas
Mcqs
Quiz

Modern

Advent of Europeans
Constitutional Developments
Establishment of British Rule
Expansion of British Rule
British Rule in India
Education and Press
Governor Generals
National Leaders
Popular Movements
Revolts
Revolutionary Terrorism
Rise of Nationalism
Socio-Religious Movements
Viceroys
Mcqs
Quiz