Ancient

Indus Valley Civilization
Vedic Civilization
Pre-Mauryan Age
Buddhism
Jainism
Mauryan Empire
Post Mauryan Period
Ganga Dynasty
Guptas
Post Gupta Period
Badami Chalukyas
Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Kalyani Chalukyas
Pallavas
Chola Empire
Kadambas
Sangam Age
Satavahanas
Vakatakas
Mcqs
Quiz
Administration
The administration of Vijayanagara empire was based on the traditional and centralised monarchy. The monarchy was hereditory except in emergencies. Sri Krishna Devaraya was not only a great warrior but also a good administrator. He took the help of his minister Saluva Timmarusu, Known as Appaji, in reorganizing the administrative system. The chief adviser to the king was Prime Minister. Council of Ministers assisted the king in administration.The Vijayanagara Empire was divided into provinces or state. The provinces were divided into Nadus or Kottams. Tha Nadus were again divided into groups of villages. The lowest unit of administration was village. The village affairs were managed through the officers called Ayagars. The king was the apex of the whole system. He was the highest court of appeal. he was assisted by ministers and officers. Punishments for criminal offences were severe.
The army consisted Infantry, Cavalry and elephantry. provincial governors and naiks maintained army and supplied to the king at the time of war. A part of the army was also at the disposal of the king. The army used cannons. There was efficient and well organized police system and espionage system.
The main occupation of the people was agriculture. Land revenue was the main source of income for the state. It was `1/3 of the total produce. Irrigantion facilities were provided for agriculture by digging tanks and canals. A big tank was constructed at Nagulapuram. Land was classified and measured and then tax was fixed. House tax, professional tax was also inforce and the whole tax burden was heavy. Vijayanagara empire had trade relations with Burma, Malaya, China, Arabia, Egypt, Iran etc.
The society was organized based on the caste. People were rich and prosperous. Women were respected in the society. Sati and Polygamy were prevalent. Women were educated and trained in fighting. Women scholars were patronized by the court.
The Vijayanagara rulers patronized Hinduism. Their main was the protection of Hinduism. Saivism and Vaishnavism were popular. From the time of Saluva kings Veera Saivism becaome more popular. During the period of Vijayanagara Empire Hinduism got new life in South India. The rulers patronized Telugu, Kannada, Tamil and Sanskrit languages.
The rulers built temples such as Vittala Swami temple, Hazara Ramaswami temple etc. Rangamantapan and Padma Mahal were the famous buildings of this period. The foreigners who visited Vijayanagara were Abdul Razzak, Nuniz, Nicolo Conte, Paes etc.

Medieval

Muslim Invasions
Delhi Sultans
Mughal Empire
Bahmani Empire
Bhakti Movement
Gajapaties
Hoysalas
Independent Kingdoms
Kakatiyas
Later Pandyas
Marathas
Rajputs
Sikhs
Sur Dynasty
Vijayanagara Empire
Yadavas
Mcqs
Quiz

Modern

Advent of Europeans
Constitutional Developments
Establishment of British Rule
Expansion of British Rule
British Rule in India
Education and Press
Governor Generals
National Leaders
Popular Movements
Revolts
Revolutionary Terrorism
Rise of Nationalism
Socio-Religious Movements
Viceroys
Mcqs
Quiz