Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Sri Krishna Devaraya

Sri Krishna Devaraya who belonged to Tuluva dynasty was the most famous among all Vijayanagara kings. He ascended the throne in 1509 A.D and ruled upto 1529 A.D. Saluva Thimmarusu was the Prime Minister of Sri Krishna Devaraya. There were number of problems when he ascended the throne. Sri Krishna Devaraya faced all the problems successfully with the help of his loyal minister Saluva Timmarusu. Sri Krishna Devaraya concluded a treaty with the portuguese in 1510 and allowed them to build forts in Bhatka and to trade in Goa. In return Portuguese agreed to supply best quality of war horses to the king. Immediately after he came to throne, he suppressed the chiefs of the Ummatur and Shivasamudram.

Sri Krishna Devaraya defeated Bijapur Sultan Yusuf Adil Shah and annexed Raichur. He occupied the forts of Kondavidu, Udayagir, Kondapalli, Bezawada, Rajamundry, Khammam, Warangal and erected a victory pillar at Simhachalam and Potnur in memory of his victory His army marched into Kalinga kingdom and attacked its capital cuttack. Its ruler Prataparudra Gajapati concluded a peace treaty with Sri Krishna Devaraya and gave his daughter in marriage to Sri Krishna Devaraya. When Ismail Adil Shah the Bijapur Sultan recaptured Raichur, Sri Krishna Devaraya attacked Raichur for second time. A fierce battle took place at Raichur on 19th May 1520 A.D. In the battle Ismail Adil Shah was defeated and Raichur was reoccupied by Sri Krishna Devaraya.

He invaded Bider and Freed Sultan Muhammad Shah and installed him on the throne of Bider. Hence he had the title of "Yavana Rajya Sthapanacharya". He extended the empire upto Kanyakumari including certain parts of Srilanka. Hence had the title of "Dakshina Samudreswara". In 1523 he waged war on Bijapur and annexed Bijapur and Gulbarga. The last days of Sri Krishnadevaraya were not happy. He abdicated the throne in favour of his young son. But he was died after few months. Sri Krishna Devaraya suspected that his son was poisoned by son of Timmarusu. Hence Timmarusu and his son were captured and blinded. But after knowing the fact he repented for his action. He nominated his brother Achutaraya as his successor. Sri Krishna Devaraya fell ill and died in 1529 A.D.