Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Indian Councils Act 1861

a) The differences between the Central Government and the Madras Government on the Income Tax Bill led to the passing of Indian Councils Act 1861.

b) The Act added fifth member to the Executive Council of Viceroy.

c) The Governor General was empowered to delegate special business to individual members of the executive council.

d) The members of the Executive Council has their own fortfolios.

e) In case of difference of opinion on any matter it should be considered by the whole council.

f) Governor General was authorised to nominate a president to preside the meetings of the executive council.

g) For the purpose of legislation the Executive Council of Governor General was strengthened by adding not less than 6 and not more than 12.

h) Veto power was given to the Governor General against any law passed by the council.

i) The power of issuing ordinances was given to the Governor General.

j) The ordinances valid for six months.

j) The power of creating new provinces was given to the Governor General.

Indian council Act 1861 allows Indians to enter into councils.