Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Carnatic Wars

First Carnatic War:

The first carnatic war was the result of Austrian succession war that took place in 1740 between Austria and Prussia. English and French entered opposite sides in this war. Commodore Barnet the British naval officer arrived into India with troops. But Duplex, French Director General. Proposed peace with British. The Nawab carnatic, Anwar-Ud-din also ordered that there should not be any war. So commodore Barnet returned to England. But Dupleix, with the help of La Bourdonna is (the French Governor at Mauritus) who came to India with troops attacked Madrs and occupied it. The British complained Anwar-ud-din. Anwar-ud-din declared war against French. The battle took place at santhome in 1746. In this battle Anwa-ud-din was defeated by French. The battle of santhome was significant in Indian history. In this battle the European and Indian Armies fought each other for the first time. With the treaty of Aix-la-chappelle. Austrian succession war was ended in 1748. As per the restoration provision of the treaty, Madras was given back to the English by the French.

Second Carnatic War:

This war took place between French and British without the permission of their mother countries. After the release of Chanda saheb from Maratha captivity conflict started between Chanda Saheb and Anwar-ud-din for the Nawab ship of carnatic. Nizam-ul-mulk, Deccan subedar, was died in 1748. Consequently a war of succession broke out between Mujaffar Jung and Nasir Jung. Mujaffar Jung and Chanda Saheb requested the help of French. Then Duplex, invaded on Arcot with Mujaffar Jung and Chanda Saheb. In the battle Anwaruddin was killed and Chanda Saheb was declared as Nawab of carnatic French declared Mujaffar Jung as Nizam of Hyderabad. As the both English and French companies were competing for monopoly over Indian trade. English started supporting Mohammad Ali, son of Anwaruddin and Narsir Jung. Mujaffar Jung was caught as a captive with the help of Cuddapah and Kurnool Nawabs. But Cuddapah and Kurnool Nawabs killed Nazar Jung. Later French installed Mujaffar Jung as Nizam of Huderabad. Mujaffar Jung was killed in 1752 by his own people. Then, Bussy installed salabat Jung as Nizam of Hyderabad. French got Northern circars from salabat Jung. English invaded Arcot Under Robert Clive. Chanda Saheb was killed and Mohammad Ali was installed as Nawab of Carnatic. The French defeat at Arcot was beginning of French down fall in India.

Third Carnatic War:

Seven years war was broke out in Europe in 1756. Consequently, dispute between French and English was started. Count-de-Lally, French General, besieged Madras and ordered Bussy to assist him in Madras. Bussy advised Lally that his departure would help the British. But Lally did not listen his advice. Having no option Bussy left Hyderabad. Then Robert clive sent colonel Ford to occupy northern circars. Ford occupied Northern circars and brought salabat Jung under his control. Salabat Jung gave Northern circars to British Lally also failed to capture Madras. A battle took place in 1760 at Wandiwash between English armies led by sir Eyre coote and French. French was defeated. Pandicherry was occupied by British. The seven years war in Europe ended in 1763 with the treaty of Paris. As per this treaty Pondicherry was given back to the Freanch Though, French was ceased to be a Political power in India. British emerged as supreme power in India.