Ancient

Indus Valley Civilization
Vedic Civilization
Pre-Mauryan Age
Buddhism
Jainism
Mauryan Empire
Post Mauryan Period
Ganga Dynasty
Guptas
Post Gupta Period
Badami Chalukyas
Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Kalyani Chalukyas
Pallavas
Chola Empire
Kadambas
Sangam Age
Satavahanas
Vakatakas
Mcqs
Quiz

Dual Government

Dual Government means double system of administration.

The system of Dual Government was introduced in Bengal by Robert Clive of British East India Company.

This system remained in practice during the period from 1765 to 1772.

The system was very advantageous for the company as it had power without responsibility.

Under this system, the administration of Bengal was divided into Nizamat and Diwani.

Diwani being the right to collect revenue was given to East India Company and Nizamat(administrative responsibility) was entrusted to Bengal Nawab.

Under this system, though the administration theoretically divided between the Company and the Nawab, the whole power was actually in the hands of the Company.

The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II granted the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company in 1765.

In 1769 English supervisors(collectors) were appointed to control the native revenue officers.

Clive appointed deputy diwans i.e Mohammad Raza Khan for Bengal and Raja Shitab Roy for Bihar, who were responsible to collect Diwani.

The Nawabs, who were deprived of any real power in 1765, were merely puppets in the hands of the British.

The Dual system of Government was abolished by Warren Hastings in 1772 and Bengal was brought under direct control of the British.

The Nawabs remained as the mere pensioners of the East India Company.

Medieval

Muslim Invasions
Delhi Sultans
Mughal Empire
Bahmani Empire
Bhakti Movement
Gajapaties
Hoysalas
Independent Kingdoms
Kakatiyas
Later Pandyas
Marathas
Rajputs
Sikhs
Sur Dynasty
Vijayanagara Empire
Yadavas
Mcqs
Quiz

Modern

Advent of Europeans
Constitutional Developments
Establishment of British Rule
Expansion of British Rule
British Rule in India
Education and Press
Governor Generals
National Leaders
Popular Movements
Revolts
Revolutionary Terrorism
Rise of Nationalism
Socio-Religious Movements
Viceroys
Mcqs
Quiz