Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

First Carnatic War

The news of Austrian succession was reached India in 1744.

The first carnatic war was the result of Austrian succession war that took place in 1740 between Austria and Prussia.

English and French entered opposite sides in this war.

Commodore Barnet the British naval officer arrived into India with troops.

Duplex was the French Governor of Pondicherry.

Duplex appealed to Anwar-ud-din, the Nawab of Carnatic to save the French.

The Nawab ordered both the English and French companies not quarrel and not to break the peace of the country.

The English obeyed the order of Nawab. Commodore Barnet returned to England.

But Duplex asked La Bourdonnais (the French Governor at Mauritus) to besiege Madras.

Duplex promised to handover Madras to Nawab Anwaruddin if the later allowed the French to conquer it.

Madras surrendered to the French in september, 1746.

Due to the differences between Duplex and La Bourdonnais, the later restored the Madras to the English but later Duplex recaptured Madras.

The British complained Anwar-ud-din.

When Duplex refused to restore the Madras to Anwar-ud-din, the later sent an army against the French.

The army of Nawab was defeated by the French in the battle of Adayar(St.Thomas), near Madras.

Duplex tried to capture Fort St.David but failed.

The first Carnatic war was ended by the treaty of Aix La Chapple 1748.

As per the treaty English got back Madras and the French got back Louisburg in Nort America.