Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Third Anglo Maratha War

The Third Anglo-Maratha war (1817-18):

There were two major causes for the outbreak of the third Anglo-Maratha war.

One is Marathas wanted to regain their lost territories.

Another one is rigid control over Maratha chiefs by the British.

Peshwa attacked the British Residency at Poona in November, 1817.

But the Maratha chiefs were defeated.

The Peshwa was defeated at Ashti; Appa Sahib of Nagpur was defeated at sitabaldi Hills; Malhar Rao Holkar was defeated at Mehidpur.

Daulat Rao Sindia concluded a treaty with British on Nov. 5 1817. It is called Treaty of Gwalior.

This treaty made Sindia a mere spectator in the Third Anglo-Maratha war.

Malhar Rao Holkar concluded the Treaty of Mandasor with British on January 6, 1818.

Peshwa was dethroned. He was sent to Bithur near Kanpur. The British annexed all his territory.

The British created kingdom of Satara out of Peshwa's lands to satisfy Marathas.

The Maratha chiefs existed at the mercy of British after this war.