Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Lord Dalhousie

Lord Dalhousie(1848-56):

He was appointed as Governor General in 1848.

The second sikh war took place during his period.

The sikhs were defeated and Punjab was annexed to British Empire.

Dalhousie also fought the second Anglo-Burmese war and Southern Burma was annexed to British empire.

Dalhousie implemented the doctrine of lapse to expand the British empire.

As per this doctrine the kingdoms of native ruler world be annexed to the British empire if the have no natural heirs.

The native rulers did not have the right to adopt.

Dalhousie had abolished such right.

Dalhousie divided the native states into three categories.

The first category had the right to adopt.

The second category had the right to adopt with the permission of the Government.

The third category had no right to adopt.

Dalhousie annexed many & states to the British empire by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse.

He annexed satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambalpur (1849), Bhagath (1850), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854).

He abolished pensions of deceased rulers who have no natural heirs.

As a result Nana Saheb, the adopted son of last Peswa, Baji Rao II deprived pension. So he participated in the revolt of 1857.

The annexation of Oudh led to lot of Criticism.

Though the Nawab of Oudh entered into subsidiary allionce in 1801, Dalhousie annexed it to the British empire on the plea of mal-administraion.

The aggressive annexation policy of Dalhousie led to the Great Revolt in 1857.

Dalhousie introduced railways, telegraphs and postal system in India.

Telegraphs were also introduced in 1853.

He established public works department.

Granal Trunk Roads and irrigational canals were also built.

Based on woods Dispatch he introduced certain changes in education system.

In accordance with the woods Despatch univercities were established in Calcutta, Bambay and Madras in 1857.

The first railway line was laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853.