Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Permanent Settlement System 1793

Permanent Settlement System

Permanent settlement system was introduced by Carnwallis in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1793.

It was introduced according the school of thought led by the Sir John Shore.

Zamindars were recognized as permanent owners of land.

Zaminads required to pay 89% revenue to the state and permitted 11% of the revenue as their share.

The power of keeping armed forces by the Zaminadars was taken back and they remained just as collectors of land revenue.

The Zamindars were required to issue Patta and Quabuliyats to the cultivators mentioning the area of their land, and the amount of revenue to be paid by them to the state.

In 1790 a settlement for ten years was made with the Zamindars who were recognized as the owners of the land.

After the approval of the Court of Directors, the decennial Settlement was declared permanent on March 2, 1793.