Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

William Bentinck

William Bentinck (1828-35):

He was appointed as Governor General in 1828.

His reforms can be divided into financial, Educational, judicial and social reforms.

Financial Reforms:

He introduced a new land revenue system in the North-West province.

As per this system land revenue was fixed for the next 30 years.

He reduced batta of the soldiers and reduced additional army at Madras, Bambay and in Bengal.

Judicial Reforms:

He abolished the four circuit courts established by the Cornwallis.

He introduced regional languages in courts.

He appointed Indians as Musifs and Sadar Armins but they can only try the cases in which Indians only involved.

Social Reforms:

He abolished Sati and enacted a resolution in 1829 in this regard with the help of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

He suppressed the robberers called Thugs.

He entrusted the duty of suppresing Thugs to William Sleeman.

He also eradicated female infanticide.

Educational Reforms:

He decided to Utilise the money alloted for education by the charter Act, 1813 and 1833.

He believed that the western celucation is good for scientific knowledge and democratic ideas.

As per Macaulay Minutes, he introduced western Education in India in 1835.

English became medium of instruction in Schools and Colleges.