Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>


The period from 1905-1920 is called the age of Extremists.

The prominent extremist leaders were Bal Gangadhara Tilak, Lala Lajapati Roy, Bipin Chandra Pal and Aravinda Ghosh.

Ban Gangadhara Tilak, Lala Lajapathi Roy, Bipin Chandra Pal are popularly called Lal-Bal-Pal Trio.

The Indian Councils Act 1892 did not sanction expected administrative powers to Indians.

This made some of the Congress leaders to follow extremist policies.

Bal Gangadhara Tilak gave a call "Militancy not Mendicancy".

Lord Curzon is also responsible for the rise of extremism.

The policies of Curzon such as Partition of Bengal, increasing control over universities, ending the self-government in Calcutta Corporation led the growth of extremism.

The concept of Swaraj in the minds of some national leaders led to the rise of extrimism.

In 1905 Gopala Krishna Gokhale and in 1906 Dadabhai Naoroji declared that the Swaraj must be the goal of Congress.

International events such as defeat of Italy by Ethiopea, defeat of Russia by Japan in 1905 encouraged the growth of extremism.