Indian History

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Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born to Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar in Gujarat.

Education: Alfred High School, Rajkot and University College London. He studied law and became a barrister. He went to South Africa in 1893 for practice.

He shocked after seeing the Indians settled in South Africa, who were racially discriminated and suppressed.

South Africa was a British Colony. He used Satyagraha to fight against the British in South Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915.

After returning from South Africa Gandhi founded an Ashram on the banks of river Sabarmati in 1915.

He became a great leader after the three local movements such as Champaran Satyagraha, Ahmadabad Mills Strike and Kheda Satyagraha.

The Rowlatt Satyagraha made Gandhi as a National leader.

Gandhiji started a satyagraha movement on 6th April, 1919 against rowlatt Act. 6th April 1919 was observed as Satyagraha day.

Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation movement in 1920.

The Chauri-Chaura incident took place on 5th Feb. 1922. In this incident 22 policemen were killed. Gandhiji stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement.

All India Khilafat conferencewas held on Nov. 24, 1919 at Delhi.

Mahatma Gandhi was its prsident.

Mahatma gandhi started a movement against salt laws on 12th March 1930.

78 members marched from Sabarmati Asram to Dandi to prepare salt by violating salt laws.

The famous Dandi March took 25 days. On 6th April 1930 Gandhiji prepared salt by violating salt laws.

All India Harijan sangh was established by Mahatma Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi gave `Do or Die` slogan during the Quit Indian Movement.

Mahatma Gandhi started Champaran Satyagraha.

Mahtma Gandhi strongly protested against communal award 1932. He thought that it was made to separate depressed classes from Hindus. So Gandhiji went on fast unto death in Yerravada Jail in September 1932.

The leaders of depressed classes came to understanding with Hindus at Poona and a partially joint electorates were accepted for depressed classes. Gandhiji broke on his fast.

Ahmadabad Textile Labour Association was founded by Mahatma Gandhi.

The British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described Gandhiji as 'Half naked seditious fakir'.

Gandhiji published a periodical called Indian Opinion in South Africa.

Sir Staford Crips said "there is no leader in the world greater than Gandhi".

He was assassinated at Birla House, New Delhi on 30th January 1948 by the Nathuram Godse.