Indian History

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Vandemataram Movement

Vandemataram Movement is also called Swadeshi Movement.

It was Anti-Bengal Partition Movement.

The Viceroy Lord Curzon divided the Bengal province into two in 1905.

The partition was announced on July 4, 1905 and came into force on 16 October, 1905.

Bengal people observed 16th October as day of mourning.

The song of Vandemataram written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee became the prayer song for the meetings of anti-partition movement.

Extremists spread the movement to entire India.

In the programme of Swadeshi foreign goods and foreign educational institutions were boycotted and substituted by Swadeshi goods and Swadeshi schools.

Swadeshi schools and colleges were established.

National Colleges were established at Calcutta and Machilipatnam.

The song Amar Sonar Bangla written by Rabindranath Tagore also inspired the people.

Lala Lajapathi Roy, Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal played a key role in the Vandemataram Movement.

Tilak declared "Swaraj is my birth right".