Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

1857 Revolt

Of All the rebellions against the rule of East India company in India 1857 Revolt was important one. It was also known as First War of Indian Independence. The aggressive expansionist policies of Dalhousie was responsible for the out break of the 1857 Revolt. The immediate cause for the out break of Revolt was the introduction of Enfield rifles in 1856. The greased catridges were to be bitten before loaded into the rifle. The grease was made up of cow and pig fat. The sepoys thought that the British intentionally hurting their religious beliefs and refused to use them. The revolt was started when Mangal Pandey refused to use the catridge and killed a british officer at Barakpur on March 29, 1857.

The sepoys at Meerut revolted on May 10, 1857. The sepoys declared Bahadur Shah II the Mughal emperor as the Emperor of India. Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Baji Rao II led the revolt in Kanpur. He got the help of Russia and succeeded in driving out the British from Kanpur. But captain campbell reoccupied Kanpur. Nana Saheb fled to Nepal. In Oudh Begum Hazarath Mahal. Who was the queen of the last Nawab of Oudh Wazid Ali, led the revolt. She got the help of Nana Saheb and Moulvi Ahmadullah. Tantia Tope, who was the follower of Nana Saheb was the bravest of all mutineers. He fought with British in Gwalior. Oudh and Kanpur. He was treacherously caught by Raja Mansingh and handed over to British. He was hanged by the British in 1859. Laxmibai of Jhansi led the revolt in Jhansi. He orginal name was Manikarnika. She was died fighting on 17th June 1857. Sir Hugh Rose suppressed the revolt. Khan Bahadur Khan, who was the legal heir to the Rohilkhand throne, rebelled in Bareilly. The British General Nicholson was died which he attempting to recapture Delhi. Bahadur Shah II was caught and sent to Rangoon. He was died in 1862 in Rangoon. Hudson killed all the sons of Bahadushah.