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Theosophical society

Theosophical society was founded by Madame H.P.Blavatsky and col.H.P.Olcott in United States in 1815.

Its headquarter in India was at Adayar.

Theosphical Movement became very popular with the arrival of Annie Besant to India in 1893.

She laid foundation of central Hindu college, varanasi in 1898. ==================== THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY : It is founded in 1875 at New York by Madame H.P.Blavatsky and Col. H.S. Olcott. Theosophical Society is not a sect or religion. The members of this society were free to follow their own religion. The leaders of this society want to spread their activity in India. In 1878 they open correspondence with Swāmi 58 Dayānanda Saraswati and seek to work together. Accordingly the International headquarter of the society has been shifted to Ᾱdyar, near Chennai in 1882. It becomes an all India movement when Mrs. Annie Besant assumes its Presidentship in 1907. It has changed the attitude of English educated youths from contempt and scepticism towards their religion and culture to that of love and enthusiasm for them. The Theosophical society is responsible for the revival of the Eastern faiths, the checking of the destructive effects of missionary zeal, the establishment of an Indian ideal of education, the inspiring of self-respect in Indians, of pride in their past, of hope in their future, and the creation of the national spirit now throbbing throughout the land.19 Like the Ᾱrya Samājists, the theosophists also gives special attention to the depressed classes of the society. They try their best to better the condition of these people. But unlike the other organisations of that time, they looked the problem from the point of view of health and hygiene and not from the point of view of religion. The greatest contribution of this society in India is the establishment of several educational institutions for spreading education among the masses as well as for promoting higher education. Mrs. Besant opened a number of schools at Ᾱdyar in the South and Benāras in the North. She took a leading role in the establishment of Banāras Central Hindu School which ultimately merged with Benāras Hindu University. The theosophists were against child-marriage and they campaigns for post puberty marriage. It plays a considerable part in re-awakening of India. But after the death of Annie Besant in 1933, this organisation lost its importance and soon went to oblivion. In his book ‘Renascent India’, Zacharias ends his chapter on theosophy thus, “I think it is no exaggeration to say that, in India at least, it is already a thing with only a past and without a future”.


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