Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning

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Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments --%>

Lord Curzon

Lord Curzon (1899-1905):

He was appointed as Goverbor General in 1899.

He did not confident on the abilities of Indians.

He created North-West Frontier province.

He established good relations with afghanistan by entering into agrement with its ruler Habibullah.

When a severe famine broke out in 1900 Curzon released six million rupees and appointed Macdonnel Commission.

He introduced reforms in the agriculture department.

The Punjab land Alienation Act was enacted in 1900 to save farmers from money lenders.

He established co-operation banks for giving loans to farmers.

He established an Imperial Institute of Agriculture to promote agricultural research.

He appointed Frazer Commission to introduce reforms in the police department.

He appointed Sir Thomas Robertson Commission.

He separated railways from the public works Department.

He also established a department of commerce and industries and Jemshedji Tata was invited to establish industries in Bihar.

The most important devision of Curzon to divided Bengal led to lot of controversy.

It was a long pending proposal to divided Bengal for the sake administration conveniance.

But the intention of Curzon to divide Bengal is to implement Divide aand Rule policy.

He wanted to split nationalistic movement and Hind Muslim Unity by dividing the Bengal.

He established Archaeological Department in 1902.

Sir Jhon Marshall was appointed as its first Director General.

He enacted Ancient monuments protection Act to protect historical monuments.

He held a conference at simla in 1901 to bring certain changes in the education system.

He constituted a University commission under the Chairmans hip of Sir Thomas Raleigh.

As per the recommendations of Simla Conference and Sir Thomas Raleigh commission he enacted Indian Universities Act 1904.

As per this Act Government Control was increased on Universities.

The period of Lord curzon as Viceroy in India was 1899-1905.